All You Need To Know About Hatha Yoga

hatha yoga practice

The literal meaning of Hatha in Sanskrit is “stubborn.” This simply means hatha yoga is the stubborn yoga practice. It has to do with the noninterference of the five senses and the mind. The Hatha yoga practice does include not only the asana but also a combination of pranayama, Dhara, dhyana, and asana. The effect of these practices is what leads to the state of Samadhi. This brings about the condition where the yogi is not disturbed by time, space, and form.

Hatha yoga is known for creating a state of mindfulness and relaxation, helping build a physical, mental, and spiritual balance. It is a great yoga practice to improve self-realization. The practice of Hatha yoga has continued to gain popularity due to its immense benefits to the mind and body. In this article, we will discuss some essential aspects of Hatha yoga you need to know. 

Principles Of Hatha Yoga

Generally, Hatha yoga possesses six principles that serve as a guide in its practice. This is to ensure that the purpose of the practice is fulfilled. Check the six directions below.

  • Asana: A relaxed state of the mind and body.
  • Pranayama: Increasing the ability to retain prana
  • Pratyahara: Moving away from the body and senses.
  • Dharana: Unification of the mind.
  • Dhyana: The observance of oneself.
  • Samadhi: Freedom from Maya.

Benefits Of Hatha Yoga 

Hatha yoga offers a lot of physical and mental benefits. As long as you follow the process as expected, you can reap the benefits. Below are some of the benefits of Hatha yoga.

  • Hatha yoga improves metabolism in the body.
  • It can help calm the nervous system and relax the mind and body.
  • Hatha yoga builds and maintains the ligaments.
  • It increases bone density.
  • It helps the immune system.
  • It improves the motion range in the body.
  • It improves the blood flow in the body system. 
  • It balances emotions and can help change thought patterns.
  • It builds flexibility, mobility, and strength in the body.
  • It increases energy levels and repairs cells.
  • It increases the levels of creativity and improves learning. 
  • It can be used to treat anxiety, stress, and mental fatigue.
  • It balances the body system, including the mind.

Practices In Hartha Yoga Classes 

You can complete a Hatha yoga class within 90 minutes. Below are the activities you should prepare yourself for in the class:

  • Breathing is the first activity of the class. The two major breathing practices here are Anulom Vilom and Kapalabhati.
  • Warm-up includes exercises to get the whole body in motion. Expect to do Surya Namaskar.
  • Asanas. These are the poses you will hold during the whole exercise.
  • Relaxation. You can spend about 15 minutes deep relaxation.

Some Hatha Yoga Poses

  • Sarvangasana – Shoulderstand
  • Halasana – Plough Pose
  • Gomukhasana – Cow-Face Pose
  • Vrkshasana – Tree Pose
  • Bhujangasana – Cobra Pose 


In practicing Hatha yoga, you are likely to need props that will make the exercise more convenient and at the same time safer. Some of the common props include a strap. Blanket, bolster, and meditation cushion. Not everyone can do this exercise, especially those recovering from neck, spinal, and knee injuries. Nonetheless, Hatha yoga is a great practice that can help you build a life of balance and comfort.